You need roach poison after waking in the middle of the night and go into the kitchen looking for a late night snack. Switching on the light you see roaches scurry across the floor looking for a place to hide. Seems you weren't the only one looking for bite to eat. So now that you have roaches in your home, immediate steps must be taken to eradicate these unwelcome pests. Contrary to popular belief, roaches do not pose a serious health risk though roaches can carry bacteria, the primary risk is to people who may have an allergy to the droppings roaches leave behind. Still, no one likes to have roaches in their home and controlling theses hardy pests requires several steps. Though many of us would reach for the nearest can of roach poison, there are some effective non-chemical methods you can employ to deal with cockroaches.
Both cockroach traps and chemical insecticides can be effective in controlling our insect problems but recent studies seem to indicate that many species of bugs, including cockroaches, are becoming more and more resistant to insecticides. Improper use of these powerful chemicals can potentially expose you, your family and your pets to unwanted and possibly dangerous side effects. Another significant downside to chemical insecticides can be found in the manufacturing process which can have a profoundly negative impact on the environment.
Since two of most common roach species prefer to reside indoors, an important first step to eliminating your roach problem is maintaining a clean and sanitary living space. Removing any food sources is key and involves keeping food products properly sealed and cleaning up all food waste. Cockroaches like damp, dark environments such as those found under sinks, cabinets and basements. Pay special attention to sources of moisture like leaking water lines and drain pipes and repair any leaks you find. Cold water supply lines are often a source of condensation during humid weather and should be insulated. Make sure to thoroughly clean under all your cabinets and appliances. Cockroaches can be introduced to your home in shipping boxes and even newspapers so always check these items for signs of roaches.
Other cockroach species find their way into your home from outside and since cockroaches need only a very small gap to gain entry, it is important to thoroughly inspect the exterior of your home for gaps and cracks, especially around the base or foundation. Caulking compounds or self-expanding foam products can be used to seal these areas and are available at your local hardware or home improvement store. Make sure that door seals and window screens are in good repair. Clean up any trash and debris around the outside of your home especially any food waste that may attract roaches. Keep trash containers tightly sealed and clean them on a regular basis. Taking these steps will also go a long way towards controlling other types of insect pests.
Before reaching for the bug spray, always look to non-chemical methods of trapping and otherwise killing roaches. Cockroach traps are available and use an attractant bait to lure the cockroach. Be sure to use a sufficient number of traps and carefully follow the product directions for placing the traps in proper location. These types of traps are widely available and relatively inexpensive. You also can make traps out of small glass jars baited with a food source like sugar or pet food. Coating the inside of the jar with a petroleum jelly to prevent the cockroaches from escaping once they are inside. These traps are also effective for use against other insect pests like centipedes. When the trap is full, simply dispose of the bugs, clean the jar and start over.